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Worship-Fourth Edition Preface
Twenty-five years have passed since the publication of the third edition of GIA's flagship hymnal, Worship. Those years have witnessed the development and refinement of the practice of full, conscious, and active participation in the public prayer life of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States of America. Worship-Fourth Edition endeavors to continue the tradition of supporting the people of God in their sung and spoken prayer.
The hymnal committee of five chosen for Worship-Fourth Edition boasts over two hundred combined years of experience as pastoral musicians in parish, cathedral, and seminary settings, with additional experience as pastors and teachers; diocesan liturgy and music directors; staff to the liturgy secretariat of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops; composers, writers, editors, and publishers; and members, presenters, and leaders in organizations such as the National Association of Pastoral Musicians and the Hymn Society in the United States and Canada.
The organization of this hymnal, like its predecessor, reflects the liturgical life of the Church. The book begins with the Liturgy of the Hours, the daily prayer of the Church, edited in such a way as to enable parishes to celebrate the approved rite on Sundays and most solemnities. A separate volume, Worship: Liturgy of the Hours Leaders Edition (1986), is compatible with the new edition and contains proper antiphons, readings, intercessions, and prayers for each day.
Following the Liturgy of the Hours, the section of Psalms and Canticles is expanded to include psalmody for the rites and psalmody for the Liturgy of the Hours-specifically, all the psalms and canticles for Morning Prayer and Evening Prayer II for all Sundays of the four-week cycle (as well as most solemnities) and for Morning Prayer from the Office for the Dead, and the nine psalms for Night Prayer. It includes psalms for general use, among them settings that may be used as entrance, offertory, or communion processionals. Most of these are complete psalms from The Revised Grail Psalms-approved for liturgical use in the United States in 2008-and are set to the psalm tones of Joseph Gelineau, SJ. In each case, an alternate Conception Abbey psalm tone by Gregory Polan, OSB, is also provided. The pointing of the psalm verses applies to both the Gelineau tones and the Conception Abbey tones. For the latter, the penultimate note in each phrase of the psalm tone corresponds to the syllable before the final accent in each line of text.
The most widely used psalm settings from the piano/guitar-based repertoire are present, along with a number of additional psalms for major feasts; many of these can be used as seasonal psalms. For the growing number of multicultural parishes, bilingual (English and Spanish) psalms are provided for major feasts, specifically those for which a single parish celebration is normative, such as the liturgies of the Triduum, Christmas Midnight Mass, and even Thanksgiving Day. The translations include
The Revised Grail Psalms, New American Bible, and paraphrases. An index of psalms and canticles provides extensive information on liturgical use.
The section of Rites of the Church presents the sacramental rituals with an outline of each rite, ritual commentary, and musical elements such as responsorial psalms and acclamations- material intended to enable the average worshiper to participate fully in these liturgies.
The 2011 implementation of the Roman Missal, Third Edition is a significant factor in the development of this fourth edition of Worship. Following the recommendation of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, the Order of Mass is presented with the chants from the Roman Missal. Eight complete Mass settings in varying styles and degrees of solemnity follow, including a bilingual, English-Spanish Mass. Individual service music items conclude the section, with eucharistic acclamations from the same source grouped together. For the complete Masses the emphasis is on new settings, while for the individual service music items the emphasis is on revised versions of previously published works.
At the heart of the committee's work on the hymns and songs was the task of further developing the "hymn of the day" feature from Worship-Third Edition. The world of hymnody has expanded dramatically in the past twenty-five years, producing an unprecedented number of new texts for worship, with many based on the Scriptures of the three-year lectionary. An index of hymns for the Church year specifies hymns that relate directly to the gospel for each Sunday, and sometimes offers additional suggestions related to the other readings. This group of hymns is not in a single section of the book; rather these hymns fall into their appropriate liturgical and topical categories.
To facilitate their most immediate use, the hymns of the day are generally set to familiar tunes-this being a departure from the previous edition, which had included many unfamiliar tunes. A few lesser-known tunes have been chosen to avoid overusing a tune, or when the editors felt strongly about a certain pairing of words with music; in these cases, a second hymn is often suggested. When introducing new tunes, the committee intentionally used them more than once, so that the work of learning a new tune reaps multiple opportunities for its use. In the instances when a tune for a hymn of the day is unfamiliar, the metrical index of tunes is instrumental in choosing other pairings.
Perhaps the single most defining feature of Worship-Fourth Edition is the effort the committee put into choosing high-quality hymn texts. The result is a body of hymns that are theologically sound, poetically substantive, and attuned to the needs of the rites and liturgical calendar. Each text has undergone the scrutiny of a newly formed English Text Review Committee. Hymns having more than a century of use were compared to their original versions as well as to their versions in contemporary hymnals. Some previously omitted verses were added, some original wording was restored, and other edits were made according to the best judgment of the committee. Alterations made to copyrighted texts were done with permission.
Believing that most Catholic parishes in the United States use an eclectic repertoire, the committee strove to make this hymnal more diverse than the previous edition. It includes the most widely used titles from the piano/guitar- based repertoire, with piano accompaniments provided; throughout, guitar chords are provided when practical.
While this is clearly a hymnal for English- speaking communities, Spanish and other foreign language hymns and songs are included in order to enable those communities to recognize, in a small way, the increasingly multicultural nature of many assemblies. Short songs from Taizé, Iona, and other sources have been chosen- songs intended to be repeated for as long as the liturgical action requires. Many of these pieces are presented with additional languages, both European and Asian. Staples from the Church's heritage of chant are included, many with Latin and English texts. An index of foreign language settings is provided.
The assembly books are published in two editions: with and without lectionary readings. Both include responsorial psalm refrains, which consist of those that are newly composed as well as those taken from Worship-Third Edition. For the first time in a volume of Lectionary Psalms, each refrain can be joined to verses sung to either Gelineau tones or those of Michel Guimont. This separate volume of Lectionary Psalms uses the revised Grail translation.
Special recognition is given to Jeffry Mickus (hymnal coordinator, editing, typesetting, book layout), Michael Boschert (permissions editor), Joshua Evanovich (book layout), Gail Gillespie (typesetting, proofreading), Clarence Reiels (proofreading), and Phil Roberts (typesetting, book layout). Acknowledgment is given to the text review committee members: Neil Borgstrom, Michael Boschert, Kelly Dobbs-Mickus, Ronald Krisman, and Randall Sensmeier; to Br. Michael Marcotte, OSB, for his help in assigning Conception Abbey psalm tones; and to Gabe Huck and Ronald Krisman for the ritual commentary. Special thanks is given to individuals who responded to early inquiries and a survey, and to those who offered feedback during the process. The committee as a whole wishes to single out individual members for their unique contributions: Ronald Krisman for his extensive editorial work, including heading the text review committee, Spanish and other foreign language editing, and compiling the scriptural index and the psalms and canticles index; to Ronald Krisman and Kelly Dobbs- Mickus for the liturgical and topical indexes; to James Chepponis for editorial help and proofreading; and to Robert Batastini for his expertise and his guidance at every step of the way. Finally, acknowledgment is given to Alec Harris, GIA's president, and to David Anderson, vice president, for their constant support.
Worship-Fourth Edition> Committee
General Editor and Project Director
Rev. Ronald F. Krisman
Robert J. Batastini
Rev. James J. Chepponis